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Ice hockey playoffs

ice hockey playoffs

In allen Runden der Playoffs, wie auch bei den Playouts und bei den Klassenerhaltsspielen, wird der Modus Best-of-Seven. Nürnberg Ice Tigers · Nürnberg · Nürnberg Ice Tigers · · Eisbären Berlin · Berlin · Eisbären Berlin. Fischtown Pinguins · Bremerhaven. Das NHL-Playoffspiel zwischen den Detroit Red Wings und den Montreal Maroons vom März war über

playoffs ice hockey - the

Dies geschah am Den Heimvorteil hat die in der Hauptrunden-Tabelle besser platzierte Mannschaft. Die Mannschaften auf den Plätzen 1 bis 6 qualifizieren sich für die Play-off-Meisterrunde, die letzten vier kämpfen in einer Play-off-Abstiegsrunde um den Klassenerhalt. Das Konferenzfinale bestreiten die Sieger dieser Divisional Playoffs. Die schlechter platzierte Mannschaft hat Heimvorteil im ersten Spiel. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Nach jeder Runde findet ein Re-Seeding statt. Die einzelnen Serien werden im Best-of-Three -Modus ausgespielt, wobei die Spielorte jeweils wechseln. At levels seven and eight, all of the ties are frankfurt nach melbourne matches played at the home ground of the team with the highest league position. Forsix teams qualified for the playoffs, three from each division, with the division semifinals and finals being a two-game total goals affair, and the Book of ra slot gratuit Cup Finals becoming a best-of-five series. In both rounds, if the tie is level on aggregate after extra time in the second leg, the team that finished higher in the league standings wins. Redirected from Playoffs ice hockey. Any group-winning team is eligible to participate, and as playoffs became more popular they were expanded to include second- or no deposit bonus casino australian lower-placed teams — the term " wette freiburg card " refers to these teams. Giants secure back-to-back Fife wins. As in the previous format, the teams will be divided into two groups, each playing home-and-away within the group, and the two group winners will play a one-off final, with the winner of that match advancing wolf quest 4 a one-off match against the fourth- or fifth-place team from the championship playoff depending fortune deutsch available European slots for the final Europa League place. League in Japan used a test match series between the third-from-bottom team in J1 and third-place team in J2 see J. Retrieved Feb 5, With the addition of two online casino de bewertung teams for the seasonthe play-offs expanded to eight teams. Giants reaped reward for possession - Keefe. Die Spiele werden auf dem neu kreierten Sportsender MySports zu sehen sein. Overtimes gibt es in verschiedensten Längen und Varianten, es ist auch unterschiedlich, ob drei, vier oder fünf Feldspieler pro Team auf dem Eis sein dürfen. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Damit hatte jede Mannschaft pro Saison 36 Spiele zu absolvieren. Vor allem die öffentlich rechtlichen Sender bauten darauf ihr Eishockeyprogramm erheblich aus. Real gegen dortmund Mannschaft, die in der Overtime oder im Handball em frauen 2019 unterliegt, erhält einen Punkt und eine Mannschaft, die in der regulären Spielzeit verliert, keinen.

Ice hockey playoffs - amusing question

Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Die jeweils bessere Mannschaft in der Qualifikation erhält das Heimrecht und kann somit das erste Spiel, und allenfalls das siebte und entscheidende, zu Hause bestreiten. Der Sieger der Finalserie ist Deutscher Meister. Die beiden punktbesten Teams einer Conference haben eine Bye-Runde, die an drei bis sechs gesetzten Teams spielen deren Gegner in den Conference-Halbfinals aus. Gespielt wird im Modus Best-of-Seven. Januar um

Starting with the —13 season , the finals format has been changed to a pure knockout tournament consisting entirely of one-off matches:.

The Belgian First Division A previously known as the "First Division" and "Pro League" has a fairly complex playoff system, currently consisting of two levels and at one time three.

Since the —10 season, playoffs have been held to determine the champion and tickets for the Champions League and Europa League. The six highest ranked teams play home-and-away matches against each other; a total of 10 matches each.

The 6 participating teams start with the points accumulated during the regular competition divided by two. The first 3 teams after the play-offs get a European ticket.

The fourth ranked team or fifth, when the cup holder is already qualified for European football plays a knock-out match against the winner of play-off 2.

From —10 through —16, teams ranked 7—14 played in two groups; from —17 forward, this playoff will continue to be contested in two groups, but with a total of 12 teams details below.

All points gained from the regular competition are lost. The two group winners play a final match to determine the winner of play-off 2.

The winning team plays a final match against the fourth-ranked team or fifth for the last European ticket.

The play-off system has been criticized because more points per match can be earned in the play-off stage than in the regular competition.

The biggest upside in favor of the play-off system is the higher number of matches 40 instead of 34 compared to the previous season and more top matches.

The extra matches also generate higher revenues for the teams. Nonetheless, the higher number of matches takes an extra toll on teams and players.

This posed some problems because a few matches had to be cancelled due to snowy pitches. Some structural changes were instituted in — Originally, these playoffs were introduced in and were part of the Second Division, to determine which team was promoted to the highest level together with the division champions.

From the —06 season on, only one team was relegated directly from the First Division, with the 17th team taking part in the playoff.

As a result, this playoff was still called the Belgian Second Division Final Round , although one team from the Pro League took part each year.

Further changes will be introduced to the Europa League playoffs from —17 forward. The First Division A qualifiers will be those finishing between 7th and 15th on the regular-season table.

As in the previous format, the teams will be divided into two groups, each playing home-and-away within the group, and the two group winners will play a one-off final, with the winner of that match advancing to a one-off match against the fourth- or fifth-place team from the championship playoff depending on available European slots for the final Europa League place.

In Brazil, the Copa do Brasil , the second most prestigious country-wide competition, is contested in pure "knockout" format since its inception in Bulgaria instituted an elaborate playoff system in its top flight, the First League , in the —17 season.

Each playoff begins with teams carrying over all goals and statistics from the home-and-away season. Each team in the championship playoff plays the others home and away one additional time.

At the end of this stage:. Each group within the qualifying playoff also plays home and away within its group; after this stage, teams enter another level of playoffs depending on their positions in the group.

The winner of this playoff then contests a one-off match against the third-place or fourth-place team from the championship playoff, with the winner claiming the final Europa League place.

The bottom two teams from each group begin a series of relegation playoffs. The series starts with a knockout playoff that also consists entirely of two-legged matches.

The winner of the playoff remains in the First League for the following season. When the Football League was first expanded to two divisions in , test matches were employed to decide relegation and promotion between them, but the practice was scrapped in favour of automatic relegation and promotion in The use of play-offs to decide promotion issues returned to the League in with the desire to reduce the number of mid-table clubs with nothing to play for at the end of the season.

The Football Conference, now known as the National League , introduced play-offs in after the Football League agreed to a two-club exchange with the Conference.

In each of these divisions the four clubs finishing below the automatic promotion places compete in two-legged semi-finals with the higher-placed club enjoying home advantage in the second leg.

The away goals rule does not apply for the semi-finals. Teams are also promoted using a play-off tournament from levels six to eight of the football pyramid.

At level six, the play-off semi finals are two leg ties with the final being a single match played at the home ground of the highest placed of the two teams.

At levels seven and eight, all of the ties are single matches played at the home ground of the team with the highest league position.

In , Gillingham proposed replacing the current play-off system with one involving six clubs from each division and replacing the two-legged ties with one-off matches.

It was a controversial proposal — some people did not believe a club finishing only in eighth position in the League could or should compete in the Premiership while others found the system too American for their liking.

The championship of every division in English football is determined solely by the standings in the league. However, a championship play-off would be held if the top two teams were tied for points, goal difference and goals scored in both their overall league record; to date, this has never happened.

A play-off would also be scheduled if two teams are tied as above for a position affecting promotion, relegation, or European qualification.

Starting in the —08 season , Superleague Greece instituted a playoff system to determine all of its places in European competition for the following season, except for those of the league champion and the cup winner.

Currently, the league is entitled to two Champions League places and three in the Europa League, with one of the Europa League places reserved for the cup winner.

The playoff currently takes the form of a home-and-away mini-league involving the second- through fifth-place teams, under the following conditions:.

It operates almost identically to the system currently used in England. The top two clubs in Serie B earn automatic promotion to Serie A with the next four clubs entering a playoff to determine who wins the third promotion place, as long as fewer than 10 points separate the third and fourth-placed teams which often occurs.

Like the English playoffs, the Italian playoffs employ two-legged semi-finals, with the higher finisher in the league table earning home advantage in the second leg.

If the teams are level on aggregate after full-time of the second leg, away goals are not used, but extra time is used.

Unlike England, the Italian playoff final is two-legged, again with the higher finisher earning home advantage in the second leg.

In both rounds, if the tie is level on aggregate after extra time in the second leg, the team that finished higher in the league standings wins.

For example, in the Netherlands, only one club is automatically relegated from its top level, the Eredivisie , each season, with the winner of the second-flight being promoted.

League in Japan used a test match series between the third-from-bottom team in J1 and third-place team in J2 see J.

In turn, J2 will implement a playoff on the style of England for the 3rd to 6th clubs. In each of two annual tournaments , every team plays every other team in the league once 17 games , after which the top eight teams advance to the Liguilla.

In the Liguilla, all rounds are home-and-away. Teams are drawn so the best team plays the worst, the second-best plays the second-worst, and so on.

After one round, the teams are redrawn so the best remaining team again plays the worst remaining one and the second-best faces the second-worst in the semi-finals.

The two winners of this round play each other for the championship. There is no playoff between the Apertura and Clausura winner. As a result, the league crowns two champions each year.

In the Netherlands, a playoff was introduced in season — It is used to determine which teams from the Eredivisie qualify for European football.

The playoff system has been criticized by clubs, players and fans as the number of matches will increase. Under the original playoff format, it was possible, though thoroughly unlikely, that the runner-up would not qualify for Europe; the following year, the format was changed so that the second-place team was assured of no worse than a UEFA Cup berth.

Starting in —09, the format was changed yet again. The only play-off will be for the clubs placed 5th through 8th. The winner of that play-off receives a ticket for the second qualification round of the EL.

Playoffs are also part of the promotion and relegation structure between the Eredivisie and the Eerste Divisie , the two highest football leagues in the Netherlands.

The Scottish Football League SFL experimented briefly with test matches in —96 and —97, contested between the second-bottom team of the Premier Division and the second-placed team of the First Division.

The bottom team from the first-tier Premiership is automatically relegated and is replaced by the winners of the second-tier Championship, provided that club meets Premiership entry criteria.

The second-, third- and fourth-placed teams from the Championship qualify for a play-off consisting of two-legged ties, with the second-placed team receiving a bye to play the winner of the teams that finished third and fourth.

The winner of this play-off then faces the second-bottom Premiership team, also over two legs, with the winner of that tie taking up the final Premiership place again, assuming that the Championship club meets Premiership criteria.

Home and away ties decide semi-finals and a final, and the overall winner plays in the higher division the following season, with the loser playing in the lower division.

Beginning with the —15 season, promotion and relegation between the SPFL and the Scottish regional leagues were introduced.

Following the end of the league season, the winners of the fifth-level Highland and Lowland Leagues compete in a two-legged playoff.

The winner then enters a two-legged playoff against the bottom team from Scottish League Two, with the winner of that tie either remaining in or promoted to League Two.

Long before the SPL era, two situations arose in which the top two teams in the table had to share the title as neither goal average nor goal difference had been instituted to break ties.

The first was the inaugural season , in which Dumbarton and Rangers both earned 29 points and had to play off for the title. The match ended in a draw and both teams shared the title.

The second happened 19 years later, in the Second Division , when Leith Athletic and Raith Rovers both earned 33 points.

This time, the clubs chose not to play off. In goal average was finally instituted. However, due to reserve teams being allowed to compete in the same football league system, subsequent places may be allowed to play off depending on reserve teams finishing within the 3rd to 6th places.

This system had been introduced in the s but ended in In Major League Soccer in the United States and Canada, from the season to the season , at the end of the regular season , the top five teams in each of its two conferences qualify for the playoffs.

Under this system, the conferences have separate playoff brackets. From to , six teams per conference qualify; 12 teams in total.

In , seven teams per conference qualify; 14 teams in total. In the first round of the postseason knockout tournament, the fourth-place team in each conference hosts the fifth-place team from the same conference in a one-off match, with the winner advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

From the season the third-place team plays host to the sixth in the other one-off match, with the two winners advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

The Conference Semifinals and the Conference Championships are conducted under a home-and-away, aggregate-goal format. For each conference, the top seed plays the first-round winner, and the 2nd seed faces the 3rd seed in the Conference Semifinal series, with the lower seeded team hosting the first game.

From the season the top seed plays the lowest remaining seed, and the 2nd plays the next-lowest seed in the Conference Semifinals. The team that scores the most goals in the home-and-away series advances to the Conference Championship, which expands from a one-off match to a two-legged match starting in If the teams are tied after 90 minutes of the second leg in either the Conference Semifinal or Conference Championship, a minute extra time period divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary.

As in the Conference Semifinals, the lower seed in the Conference Championship hosts the first leg. The winner of each conference will play for the MLS Cup , the league championship.

Since , the MLS Cup is hosted by the conference champion with the most table points during the regular season. In the case of ties after regulation in the First Round and MLS Cup, 30 minutes of extra time divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary, to determine the winners.

Historically MLS did not use the away goals rule in any playoff series, but it has begun to do so in to be consistent with international practice.

The third seed hosted the fourth seed in the first round. The winner of that game advanced to the "Super Semifinal", hosted by the second seed.

The Super Semifinal winner traveled to the top seed for the championship game. Playoffs are used throughout Australia in Australian rules football to determine the premiership.

The term finals is most commonly used to describe them. In each league, between four and eight teams depending on league size qualify for the finals based on the league ladder at the end of the season.

Australian rules football leagues employ finals systems which act as a combination between a single elimination tournament for lower-ranked teams and a double elimination tournament for higher-ranked teams in order to provide teams with an easier pathway to the Grand Final as reward for strong performances throughout the season.

Finals are decided by single matches, rather than series. The Australian Football League , which is the top level of the sport, currently has eight teams qualify for the finals under a system designed by the league in Between —, variants of the McIntyre System were used to accommodate four, five, six and eight teams, and prior to , six different finals systems were used.

In most other leagues, from state-level leagues such as the South Australian National Football League and West Australian Football League , down to local suburban leagues, it is most common for either four or five teams to qualify for the finals.

In these cases the Page—McIntyre final four system or the McIntyre final five system are used universally. The Australian Football League which was known until as the Victorian Football League was the first league to introduce regular finals when it was established in The South Australian National Football League introduced finals in , and other leagues soon followed.

Prior to , the premiership was generally awarded to the team with the best overall win-loss record at the end of the season. If two teams had finished with equal records, a playoff match for the premiership was required: The teams finishing in fourth and fifth place in the regular season face each other in the wildcard game.

The winner of the wildcard game faces the team that finished in third place in the first round of the play-offs. The winner of the first round faces the team that finished in second place during the regular season, and the winner of that round faces the team that finished in first place for the championship in the Korean Series.

This type of format is known as the stepladder playoff. Before the original Japanese Baseball League had been a single-table league of franchises.

Before the playoff system was developed in both professional leagues, the Pacific League had applied a playoff system on two occasions.

The first was between —, when a split-season was applied with a 5-game playoff between the winning teams from both halves of season unless a team won both of the halves so that they did not need to play such a game.

The second time was between —, when the top three teams played a two-staged stepladder knockout 3 games in the first stage and 5 games in the second stage to decide the League Champion and the team playing in the Japan Series.

The success of such a playoff system convinced the Central League to consider a similar approach. In , a new playoff system, named the "Climax Series", was introduced to both professional leagues in NPB to decide the teams that would compete for the Japan Series.

The Climax Series basically applied the rule of the playoff system in the Pacific League, with one important change: This means that the two League Champions are not guaranteed to make the Japan Series.

The Chunichi Dragons took advantage of this in the first Climax Series season, finishing second in the regular season but sweeping the Hanshin Tigers and the League Champion Yomiuri Giants in the Central League to win a place in the Japan Series; they subsequently defeated the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters to claim their first Japan Series in 52 years.

In , the format of Climax Series will have a slight change, in which the second stage will be played over a maximum of six games, with the League Champion starting with an automatic one game advantage.

Looking for a little weird on the internet? Seth Jones and the Blue Jackets try to keep pace in the playoff race as they visit the Central-leading Jets.

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Bishop makes 30 saves, Stars shut out Sabres Benn scores lone goal for Dallas in first period. Giants hit six in home win over Fife.

Sheffield Steelers Cardiff Devils. Giants beaten again by leaders Cardiff. Cardiff Devils Belfast Giants. Devils excited ahead of crucial weekend.

Nottingham Panthers sack coach Chernomaz. Ice hockey event hits financial goals. Giants in dramatic Continental Cup loss. Shields sets record as Giants win three out of three Belfast Giants win three Elite League matches in three days to lie just five points behind leaders Cardiff Devils.

Challenge Cup holders Giants eye another final. Dwyer double as Giants edge out Fife. Giants beaten in Continental Cup shootout.

Belfast beat Katowice to set up European decider. Giants reaped reward for possession - Keefe.

Seit derselben Saison wird die Overtime auch nicht mehr wie gewohnt mit 5-gegen-5, sondern mit 4-gegen-4 Feldspielern gespielt. In der NHL werden die Divisionssieger automatisch auf den Plätzen 1 bis 3 gesetzt, die restlichen fünf besten Teams nehmen die Plätze dahinter ein, auch wenn eine dieser Mannschaften besser als einer der Divisionssieger ist. Die Endspiele werden jeweils in einem Match entschieden, welches in der Regel im Wembley-Stadion in London ausgetragen wird. Heimrecht hat jeweils das besser platzierte Team der Regular Season. Ebenfalls ist ein Relegationsspiel um den letzten Europacupplatz zwischen dem 1. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Beinahe jeder Verband und jede Liga hat eigene Regeln bezüglich der Overtime. In der Männer-Bundesliga im Volleyball spielen nach einer Meisterschaftsrunde jeder gegen jeden mit zwölf Mannschaften die acht bestplatzierten Teams in den Play-offs weiter. März dreimal verbessert wurde. Januar um Die Gesamtspielzeit der Partie betrug Die Viertel- und Halbfinals werden in der 1. Platz 7 gegen Platz 10 sowie Platz 8 gegen Platz 9. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Vor allem die öffentlich rechtlichen Sender bauten darauf ihr Eishockeyprogramm erheblich aus.

Nonetheless, the higher number of matches takes an extra toll on teams and players. This posed some problems because a few matches had to be cancelled due to snowy pitches.

Some structural changes were instituted in — Originally, these playoffs were introduced in and were part of the Second Division, to determine which team was promoted to the highest level together with the division champions.

From the —06 season on, only one team was relegated directly from the First Division, with the 17th team taking part in the playoff.

As a result, this playoff was still called the Belgian Second Division Final Round , although one team from the Pro League took part each year. Further changes will be introduced to the Europa League playoffs from —17 forward.

The First Division A qualifiers will be those finishing between 7th and 15th on the regular-season table. As in the previous format, the teams will be divided into two groups, each playing home-and-away within the group, and the two group winners will play a one-off final, with the winner of that match advancing to a one-off match against the fourth- or fifth-place team from the championship playoff depending on available European slots for the final Europa League place.

In Brazil, the Copa do Brasil , the second most prestigious country-wide competition, is contested in pure "knockout" format since its inception in Bulgaria instituted an elaborate playoff system in its top flight, the First League , in the —17 season.

Each playoff begins with teams carrying over all goals and statistics from the home-and-away season. Each team in the championship playoff plays the others home and away one additional time.

At the end of this stage:. Each group within the qualifying playoff also plays home and away within its group; after this stage, teams enter another level of playoffs depending on their positions in the group.

The winner of this playoff then contests a one-off match against the third-place or fourth-place team from the championship playoff, with the winner claiming the final Europa League place.

The bottom two teams from each group begin a series of relegation playoffs. The series starts with a knockout playoff that also consists entirely of two-legged matches.

The winner of the playoff remains in the First League for the following season. When the Football League was first expanded to two divisions in , test matches were employed to decide relegation and promotion between them, but the practice was scrapped in favour of automatic relegation and promotion in The use of play-offs to decide promotion issues returned to the League in with the desire to reduce the number of mid-table clubs with nothing to play for at the end of the season.

The Football Conference, now known as the National League , introduced play-offs in after the Football League agreed to a two-club exchange with the Conference.

In each of these divisions the four clubs finishing below the automatic promotion places compete in two-legged semi-finals with the higher-placed club enjoying home advantage in the second leg.

The away goals rule does not apply for the semi-finals. Teams are also promoted using a play-off tournament from levels six to eight of the football pyramid.

At level six, the play-off semi finals are two leg ties with the final being a single match played at the home ground of the highest placed of the two teams.

At levels seven and eight, all of the ties are single matches played at the home ground of the team with the highest league position.

In , Gillingham proposed replacing the current play-off system with one involving six clubs from each division and replacing the two-legged ties with one-off matches.

It was a controversial proposal — some people did not believe a club finishing only in eighth position in the League could or should compete in the Premiership while others found the system too American for their liking.

The championship of every division in English football is determined solely by the standings in the league. However, a championship play-off would be held if the top two teams were tied for points, goal difference and goals scored in both their overall league record; to date, this has never happened.

A play-off would also be scheduled if two teams are tied as above for a position affecting promotion, relegation, or European qualification.

Starting in the —08 season , Superleague Greece instituted a playoff system to determine all of its places in European competition for the following season, except for those of the league champion and the cup winner.

Currently, the league is entitled to two Champions League places and three in the Europa League, with one of the Europa League places reserved for the cup winner.

The playoff currently takes the form of a home-and-away mini-league involving the second- through fifth-place teams, under the following conditions:.

It operates almost identically to the system currently used in England. The top two clubs in Serie B earn automatic promotion to Serie A with the next four clubs entering a playoff to determine who wins the third promotion place, as long as fewer than 10 points separate the third and fourth-placed teams which often occurs.

Like the English playoffs, the Italian playoffs employ two-legged semi-finals, with the higher finisher in the league table earning home advantage in the second leg.

If the teams are level on aggregate after full-time of the second leg, away goals are not used, but extra time is used.

Unlike England, the Italian playoff final is two-legged, again with the higher finisher earning home advantage in the second leg. In both rounds, if the tie is level on aggregate after extra time in the second leg, the team that finished higher in the league standings wins.

For example, in the Netherlands, only one club is automatically relegated from its top level, the Eredivisie , each season, with the winner of the second-flight being promoted.

League in Japan used a test match series between the third-from-bottom team in J1 and third-place team in J2 see J.

In turn, J2 will implement a playoff on the style of England for the 3rd to 6th clubs. In each of two annual tournaments , every team plays every other team in the league once 17 games , after which the top eight teams advance to the Liguilla.

In the Liguilla, all rounds are home-and-away. Teams are drawn so the best team plays the worst, the second-best plays the second-worst, and so on.

After one round, the teams are redrawn so the best remaining team again plays the worst remaining one and the second-best faces the second-worst in the semi-finals.

The two winners of this round play each other for the championship. There is no playoff between the Apertura and Clausura winner.

As a result, the league crowns two champions each year. In the Netherlands, a playoff was introduced in season — It is used to determine which teams from the Eredivisie qualify for European football.

The playoff system has been criticized by clubs, players and fans as the number of matches will increase. Under the original playoff format, it was possible, though thoroughly unlikely, that the runner-up would not qualify for Europe; the following year, the format was changed so that the second-place team was assured of no worse than a UEFA Cup berth.

Starting in —09, the format was changed yet again. The only play-off will be for the clubs placed 5th through 8th.

The winner of that play-off receives a ticket for the second qualification round of the EL. Playoffs are also part of the promotion and relegation structure between the Eredivisie and the Eerste Divisie , the two highest football leagues in the Netherlands.

The Scottish Football League SFL experimented briefly with test matches in —96 and —97, contested between the second-bottom team of the Premier Division and the second-placed team of the First Division.

The bottom team from the first-tier Premiership is automatically relegated and is replaced by the winners of the second-tier Championship, provided that club meets Premiership entry criteria.

The second-, third- and fourth-placed teams from the Championship qualify for a play-off consisting of two-legged ties, with the second-placed team receiving a bye to play the winner of the teams that finished third and fourth.

The winner of this play-off then faces the second-bottom Premiership team, also over two legs, with the winner of that tie taking up the final Premiership place again, assuming that the Championship club meets Premiership criteria.

Home and away ties decide semi-finals and a final, and the overall winner plays in the higher division the following season, with the loser playing in the lower division.

Beginning with the —15 season, promotion and relegation between the SPFL and the Scottish regional leagues were introduced.

Following the end of the league season, the winners of the fifth-level Highland and Lowland Leagues compete in a two-legged playoff.

The winner then enters a two-legged playoff against the bottom team from Scottish League Two, with the winner of that tie either remaining in or promoted to League Two.

Long before the SPL era, two situations arose in which the top two teams in the table had to share the title as neither goal average nor goal difference had been instituted to break ties.

The first was the inaugural season , in which Dumbarton and Rangers both earned 29 points and had to play off for the title. The match ended in a draw and both teams shared the title.

The second happened 19 years later, in the Second Division , when Leith Athletic and Raith Rovers both earned 33 points. This time, the clubs chose not to play off.

In goal average was finally instituted. However, due to reserve teams being allowed to compete in the same football league system, subsequent places may be allowed to play off depending on reserve teams finishing within the 3rd to 6th places.

This system had been introduced in the s but ended in In Major League Soccer in the United States and Canada, from the season to the season , at the end of the regular season , the top five teams in each of its two conferences qualify for the playoffs.

Under this system, the conferences have separate playoff brackets. From to , six teams per conference qualify; 12 teams in total.

In , seven teams per conference qualify; 14 teams in total. In the first round of the postseason knockout tournament, the fourth-place team in each conference hosts the fifth-place team from the same conference in a one-off match, with the winner advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

From the season the third-place team plays host to the sixth in the other one-off match, with the two winners advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

The Conference Semifinals and the Conference Championships are conducted under a home-and-away, aggregate-goal format.

For each conference, the top seed plays the first-round winner, and the 2nd seed faces the 3rd seed in the Conference Semifinal series, with the lower seeded team hosting the first game.

From the season the top seed plays the lowest remaining seed, and the 2nd plays the next-lowest seed in the Conference Semifinals.

The team that scores the most goals in the home-and-away series advances to the Conference Championship, which expands from a one-off match to a two-legged match starting in If the teams are tied after 90 minutes of the second leg in either the Conference Semifinal or Conference Championship, a minute extra time period divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary.

As in the Conference Semifinals, the lower seed in the Conference Championship hosts the first leg. The winner of each conference will play for the MLS Cup , the league championship.

Since , the MLS Cup is hosted by the conference champion with the most table points during the regular season.

In the case of ties after regulation in the First Round and MLS Cup, 30 minutes of extra time divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary, to determine the winners.

Historically MLS did not use the away goals rule in any playoff series, but it has begun to do so in to be consistent with international practice.

The third seed hosted the fourth seed in the first round. The winner of that game advanced to the "Super Semifinal", hosted by the second seed.

The Super Semifinal winner traveled to the top seed for the championship game. Playoffs are used throughout Australia in Australian rules football to determine the premiership.

The term finals is most commonly used to describe them. In each league, between four and eight teams depending on league size qualify for the finals based on the league ladder at the end of the season.

Australian rules football leagues employ finals systems which act as a combination between a single elimination tournament for lower-ranked teams and a double elimination tournament for higher-ranked teams in order to provide teams with an easier pathway to the Grand Final as reward for strong performances throughout the season.

Finals are decided by single matches, rather than series. The Australian Football League , which is the top level of the sport, currently has eight teams qualify for the finals under a system designed by the league in Between —, variants of the McIntyre System were used to accommodate four, five, six and eight teams, and prior to , six different finals systems were used.

In most other leagues, from state-level leagues such as the South Australian National Football League and West Australian Football League , down to local suburban leagues, it is most common for either four or five teams to qualify for the finals.

In these cases the Page—McIntyre final four system or the McIntyre final five system are used universally. The Australian Football League which was known until as the Victorian Football League was the first league to introduce regular finals when it was established in The South Australian National Football League introduced finals in , and other leagues soon followed.

Prior to , the premiership was generally awarded to the team with the best overall win-loss record at the end of the season.

If two teams had finished with equal records, a playoff match for the premiership was required: The teams finishing in fourth and fifth place in the regular season face each other in the wildcard game.

The winner of the wildcard game faces the team that finished in third place in the first round of the play-offs. The winner of the first round faces the team that finished in second place during the regular season, and the winner of that round faces the team that finished in first place for the championship in the Korean Series.

This type of format is known as the stepladder playoff. Before the original Japanese Baseball League had been a single-table league of franchises. Before the playoff system was developed in both professional leagues, the Pacific League had applied a playoff system on two occasions.

The first was between —, when a split-season was applied with a 5-game playoff between the winning teams from both halves of season unless a team won both of the halves so that they did not need to play such a game.

The second time was between —, when the top three teams played a two-staged stepladder knockout 3 games in the first stage and 5 games in the second stage to decide the League Champion and the team playing in the Japan Series.

The success of such a playoff system convinced the Central League to consider a similar approach. In , a new playoff system, named the "Climax Series", was introduced to both professional leagues in NPB to decide the teams that would compete for the Japan Series.

The Climax Series basically applied the rule of the playoff system in the Pacific League, with one important change: This means that the two League Champions are not guaranteed to make the Japan Series.

The Chunichi Dragons took advantage of this in the first Climax Series season, finishing second in the regular season but sweeping the Hanshin Tigers and the League Champion Yomiuri Giants in the Central League to win a place in the Japan Series; they subsequently defeated the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters to claim their first Japan Series in 52 years.

In , the format of Climax Series will have a slight change, in which the second stage will be played over a maximum of six games, with the League Champion starting with an automatic one game advantage.

Since the season , it has consisted of a first round single-elimination knockout game between the two wildcards in each league, a best-of-5 second round series called the Division Series, and two rounds of best-of-seven series for the League Championship and World Series.

MLB uses a "" format for the final two rounds of its postseason tournament. In the Majors, the singular term "playoff" is reserved for the rare situation in which two or more teams find themselves tied at the end of the regular season and are forced to have a tiebreaking playoff game or games to determine which team will advance to the postseason.

Thus, in the majors, a "playoff" is actually part of the regular season and thus can be called a " Pennant playoff ". MLB is the oldest of the major American professional sports, dating back to the s.

As such, it is steeped in tradition. The "Playoffs" determine which two teams play in the " World Series ". The winners of the first half-season and the winners of the second half-season are eligible to play in the playoffs, but if the best overall team have not won either half season then they qualify into a wild card series against the weaker half-season winner, with the winner of this advancing into the Taiwan Series to face the other half-season winner.

If the first and second half winners are different, but one of them is also the best overall team, then both teams progress directly to the Taiwan Series.

Finally, if one team wins both halves of the season then a playoff will take place between the second and third best teams for the right to play them in the Final Series; in this case the team winning both halves of the season will begin the Taiwan Series with an automatic one game advantage.

Teams had always have different strength of schedule from each other; currently, a team plays a team outside its conference twice, a team within its conference but outside its division three or four times, and a team from its own division four times.

In the —03 season, the first-round series were expanded from best-of-5 to best-of-7; all other series have always been best-of In all series, home games alternate between the two teams in a format.

The finals format was adopted from the Finals to , copying the format that was then in effect in the National Hockey League.

Any ties in the standings at the end of the regular season are broken using the following protocols:. The National Hockey League has always used a playoff tournament to determine its champion, generally opening up its playoff games to a much larger number of teams, including those with a losing regular season record in some years the most recent being the seventh and eighth seeded San Jose Sharks and Edmonton Oilers , respectively, in In , the Ottawa Senators were automatically declared the league champion when the team had won both halves of the regular season.

The two halves format was abandoned the next year, and the top two teams faced off for the NHL championship in a two-game total goals series.

During this time, as the rules of the NHL and those of the western leagues differ the main difference being that NHL rules allowed five skaters while the western leagues allowed six , the rules for each game in the Stanley Cup Finals alternated between those of the NHL and the western leagues.

Following the involvement of the WCHL, one league champion was given a bye straight to the finals a best-of-three affair starting in , while the other two competed in a best-of-three semifinal.

As travel expenses were high during these times, it was often the case that the NHL champions were sent west to compete. In the NHL playoffs expanded from two to three teams with the top team getting a bye to the two-game total goal NHL finals , but because the first-place Hamilton Tigers refused to play under this format, the second and third place teams played for the NHL championship in a two-game total goals affair.

The Stanley Cup Finals returned to a best-of-five format the same year. While the Cup would not be formally deeded to the league until , from onward the NHL playoffs and the Stanley Cup playoffs are considered synonymous.

For , six teams qualified for the playoffs, three from each division, with the division semifinals and finals being a two-game total goals affair, and the Stanley Cup Finals becoming a best-of-five series.

In , the playoff format was changed so that the two teams with identical division ranking would face each other i. The first place series was a best-of-five affair, with the winner proceeding to the best-of-three Stanley Cup Finals, while the others were a two-game total goals series.

The winner of the second and third place series played each other in a best-of-three series, with the winner earning the other berth to the Stanley Cup Finals.

This format had a slight modification the following year, where the semifinal series became a two-game total goals affair and the Stanley Cup Finals became a best-of-five series.

The two-game total goals format was abolished in , with those series being changed to best-of-three affairs. The s saw the reduction of teams from ten to seven, and with it an end to the Canadian and American divisions.

The Stanley Cup playoffs saw the first- and second-place teams play against each other in a best-of-seven series for one berth in the Stanley Cup Finals, while the third- to sixth-place teams battled in a series of best-of-three matches for the other berth with the third-place team taking on the fourth-place team, and the fifth-place team against the sixth-place team.

In , the Stanley Cup Finals became a best-of-seven series, the format still used today. The —43 season saw the removal of the New York Americans , leaving six remaining teams now known as the " Original Six ".

From to , all playoff matchups were best-of-seven affairs. The first and third-place teams played in one semifinal, while the second and fourth-place teams played in the other semifinal, with the semifinal winners advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals.

During this time, Detroit Red Wings fans often threw an octopus onto the ice as a good luck charm, as eight wins were required to win the Stanley Cup.

The expansion saw the number of teams double from six to 12 in the —68 season, and with it the creation of the Western and Eastern divisions.

The playoff format remained largely the same, with all series remaining best-of-seven, and the division champions battling for the Stanley Cup. The —71 season, because of fan demand, brought forth the first inter-conference playoff matchup outside of the Stanley Cup Finals since the pre-war expansion, which had the winner of the second-place versus fourth-place matchup in one conference take on the winner of the first- versus third-place matchup in the other conference for a berth in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The following year had one minor change to its playoff format: Thus, instead of a first-place versus third-place and a second versus fourth-place matchup in the first round, the first round had the first-place versus the fourth and the second versus the third-place.

This practice of having stronger teams facing weaker opposition has continued to the present day. The —75 season saw another change to the playoff system to accommodate a league that had expanded to 18 teams in two conferences and four divisions.

Under this system, 12 teams qualified for the playoffs. The top team from each division would earn a bye to the quarterfinal, while the second- and third-place teams from each division started their playoff run from a best-of-three preliminary round.

In each round of the playoffs, the teams remaining were seeded regardless of divisional or conference alignment, with the preliminary-round series being a best-of-three affair while the remainder of the series remained best-of-seven.

The —78 season had one minor change in its playoff format: The four division winners would qualify for the playoffs while twelve wildcard positions rounded out the sixteen teams.

At the beginning of each round the teams were seeded based on their regular season point totals, with the preliminary round being a best-of-five series while all other playoff series were best-of-seven.

The — season brought forth the return of divisional matchups, with the top four teams from each division qualifying for the playoffs.

Division champions would be determined, followed by the conference champions, who would meet in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The division semifinals was a best-of-five affair until the —87 season, when it became a best-of-seven series, while all other series remained best-of seven.

For the —94 season, the league revamped its playoff structure to become conference-based rather than division-based.

Eight teams in each conference qualified for the playoffs. The division first-place teams were seeded first the team with the best record in the conference and second in the conference playoffs and received home ice advantage for the first two rounds.

The next six best teams in each conference also qualified and were seeded third through eighth. All teams played in the first round: All series were best-of-seven, but the arrangement of home games was changed for Central and Pacific division teams.

Instead of the normal 2—2—1—1—1 rotation, a series involving teams from both divisions was 2—3—2, with the higher seeded team having the option of starting play at home or on the road ALL teams with home-ice advantage chose to play the default format, from After each round, surviving teams were reseeded to play a conference semi-final, then a conference final.

The conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals. Home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

In —99, the league was re-organized into two conferences of three divisions apiece, resulting in the playoff format used through The qualifiers remained sixteen, but the seeding changed.

The three first-place teams in each division qualified and were seeded first through third for the playoffs. Of the other teams in each conference, the top five finishers qualified for the fourth through eighth seedings.

Like the — system, the conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals, and home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The NHL realigned into a four-division, two-conference system for the —14 season. Under the new postseason system, the top three teams in each division make the playoffs, with two wild-cards in each conference for a total of eight playoff teams from each conference.

Rask could return for Bruins against Flyers Goalie, who missed one game with concussion, can pass Thompson for Boston wins record.

Muzzin trade to Maple Leafs Defenseman, one of five with 20 points, hits, gains value for rest of season joining loaded offense. Foligno gives stick to kids of fan who received one from his dad in Blue Jackets captain passed souvenir to children before game against Sabres.

Muzzin trade fills key need at defenseman for Maple Leafs Toronto adds veteran without giving up top prospects to Kings.

Blues feeding off Binnington; Yandle: Vatrano has staying power in top six. Presented by Navy Federal Credit Union.

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